Emmanuel Macron’s report on education: “It can and should get better,” according to political scientist Thomas Genole.

Education. Youth – Sport – Culture. According to the political scientist, the achievements of Emmanuel Macron in terms of education are reminiscent of the reform of the bachelor’s degree: very contrasting. Even if the crisis is clearly a burden.

At the political level, education remains a huge unfinished project. But at least Emmanuel Macron talks about this topic, often relegating it to the background. Especially to flatter his primary target in the election.

Education, youth, sport and culture.

Education, youth, sports and culture

Promises kept

Halve the number of CP and CE1 classes in priority education areas.
Leave the organization of extra-curricular time to the municipalities.
Ban cell phones in schools and colleges.
Allocate an annual bonus of 3,000 euros to teachers in priority areas.
Restore managed activities after class.
Bachelor’s reform: more continuous evaluation of the bachelor’s degree.
Libraries open in the evenings and on weekends.
Create health and sports centers.
Cultural pass for 18 year olds.
Offer refresher courses at the end of the summer between CP and CM2.
Adapt intermittent show status.

Partially kept promise

Train 1 million young people and 1 million unemployed.
Create 100,000 places in short-term vocational training courses.
Transparency of university results and graduations.
Develop apprenticeship and training programs in all vocational schools.
Access of the sick and disabled to sports.
Refresher courses for students in difficult life situations.

Broken Promises

Hire 4,000 to 5,000 new teachers.
Do not assign junior teachers to priority areas.
Reform and transparency of municipalities in the distribution of nursery places.
Create places in nurseries and strengthen supervision in kindergartens.
Generalize Erasmus and extend it to students.
Strengthen the autonomy of universities.
Encourage partnerships between secondary and higher education institutions.
Ensure the emergence of European Netflix.
Launch Erasmus for cultural professionals.

1. The crisis damaged the school

This is an observation: in five years, national education has deteriorated somewhat, but Thomas Genole agrees:this is mainly due to the pandemic and it must be admitted that Emmanuel Macron has nothing to do with this.”

However, problems have not been resolved: such as “Overloading our kids’ schoolbags to the point of absurdity; absolutely crazy lesson time; abuse of homework that interferes with this privileged time between parents and children and reinforces school inequality.”.

Another topic: “Teachers in France are paid half as much as their German counterparts, and this issue has yet to be resolved.”

Finally, he believes that national education “in his work he manages to arouse the French mass disgust for mathematics. It is taught as torture”. For Thomas Genole in the balance sheet is the mention of “ can and should be done better!.

2. Selection is always on bad luck

This is a negative point that remains within the mandate of the outgoing president, which Thomas Genole emphasizes: “National education is philosophically built on underachievement in academic subjects, where it would be an educational Everest to graduate twice from such great schools as Macron.”

So there will be a rise and a moment when there will be no rise “determine where you will get stuck in your educational course and, in a domino effect, what kind of work you will do”. Retain academic courses considered noble, as well as professional undergraduate and professional sectors. “Dirtier. It is an inherent contempt for our education system. But if the pandemic has taught us anything, it’s that these courses are more useful than many academic courses.”.

3. Good and less good

Thomas Genole considers the reform of the bachelor’s degree to be contrasting. Positive side : “Leave the high school student free choice of major subjects and other secondary subjects, the system is more adapted to the future professional choice.” But the weight of solid control in a bachelor’s note “reinforces educational inequality depending on the secondary school in which the student attends”.

In addition, the political scientist recalls attempts to make up for lost time in PDO (Priority Education Zones) and “common sense to allow municipalities to manage the organization of extra-curricular time”.

He would like the president to keep his promise to increase the number of nursery places: “This is a key feminist issue. From the moment women overinvest in childcare, it affects their careers and therefore their remuneration.”

4. Parcoursup Review

“Parkursap is a bad answer to a good question.” The good question is that universities are overwhelmed by their capabilities: “The answer is to enter the sample in the file. Sometimes the criteria of distinction makes it difficult to follow a path other than the one started in high school.”. It would be better for a political scientist to strengthen the quantitative means of universities only in the first year in order to make a selection “very strict” for admission to the second year.

On the other hand, the ending numerus clausus in medical studies finds a favorable response: “I don’t know who came up with the stupid idea to say that in order to reduce the cost of health insurance it was necessary to reduce the number of doctors, the fact remains that he brings the problem of medical deserts in France.”

However, he is more critical of university autonomy: “It’s like saying:”Find some money.” However, it is debatable that patronage funds the university, which should remain a public service.”.

5. Education in the countryside

The theme of education in the campaign? “It’s better than usual, but still terrible. We are talking about this more because Emmanuel Macron is using this theme to consolidate his electorate, as he did in 2017, wanting to make the school map more flexible. Today he says teachers need to work harder. make more money, and his electoral goal basically agrees with that.”.

As a result, it pushes other candidates to take a position to stand out as “Hidalgo, who wants to double the salaries of teachers, or Jadot, who wants to shorten the children’s school day and cut school holidays”. It’s not much, but it’s already…

Jean-Yves Bu, teacher of history and geography of the secondary school. Jean-Vigo at Millau: “Baccalaureate reform increases inequality”

Jean-Yves Boo paints a disappointing picture of Macron’s five-year stint in education. The same idea for five years, the desire to reform the school. “These reforms were carried out very strictly and were not prepared,” he says.

The professor continues: “This change is unfortunate in design, so there are bound to be problems with implementation.” According to him, in many areas, Emmanuel Macron has strengthened the authoritarian side of national education, in particular, by abolishing the bodies of dialogue that did not exist before.

In the school, disparities are still significant: “He wants to reduce inequality and expand access to everyone, but it’s the other way around because the programs are too ambitious and difficult for students.”

The desire to keep schools open during the pandemic is the most exciting moment for him. Despite everything, he notes that if “some means have been implemented, they are not enough to overcome “this permanent lie.”

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