Equality between women and men: a problem also in National Education

The school must be protected from gender inequality. At the same time, because its values ​​are growing there. And also because women are in the majority. But there is nothing. The place of women is connected with their hierarchical position. And their remuneration remains lower than that of men. Equality between women and men has yet to be achieved in national education.

Internal hierarchy based on gender

If there is a ministry with many women, it is the National Education. If we take teachers only, we find 84% of women in primary education and 58% in secondary education. A total of 71% of teachers are women. And this share continues to grow. In 2015, they represented 69% of teachers.

But if there are more women than the majority, then their weight is directly inversely proportional to their place in the hierarchy of public education bodies. Thus, among school teachers 84% ​​are women, and among certified teachers only 65%. Among the aggregated ones, they are the majority (53%). Only 38% of senior professors will be women.

The same logic applies to non-teaching staff. 95% of medical staff are women, 84% of administrators, 79% of education workers. But we have fallen to 52% among management personnel, 51% among inspectors and 42% among senior management. Because the example comes from above. 42% of dasen and deputy dasen are women, 40% of rectors and only 34% of inspectors general.

Career inequality…

You understand: the careers of men and women in national education are not the same. “If there are more men than women in the snack class and the exceptional class, it is partly due to demographic differences (women are younger), but also to different rates of progress. Regardless of physique, men move into the snack class faster. an average of 20 years of work experience,” the social report of the ministry notes. “It is among school teachers and teachers of physical education and sports that the gap between women and men is the largest. The transition to the exceptional class is also slightly faster for men than for women in the certified teaching staff.”

This greatly affects the indexes. “This different rate of passing scores between men and women means that the gaps in the scores widen after twenty years of service. The differences between the indices of female teachers and male teachers are small, but tend to narrow. career. In the Primary Teacher Corps, the average for men is about 3% higher than for women for teachers with more than 20 years of experience. For PEPS corps, the gap is also higher after 20 years of career, with the average for men being 2% higher than in women, for PEPS it can be as high as 4%,” says Bilan Soc du Ministry.

And salary

The index alone does not constitute a salary. There are also overtime, assignments, training time. These are three areas where women are at a disadvantage as society places more family responsibilities on them.

And this is reflected in salaries with an average 14% difference due to female teachers. “Regardless of the corps and sector, women teach more part-time/part-time and are less advanced in their careers (GER is lower by 3-9% depending on the corps and sector). The level and share of premiums is also lower for women. Among public school teachers, the difference in premiums is 27% between women and men due to the relative over-representation of men in school management and in larger institutions (the management bonus is partly related to the size of the institution), and in replacement missions. % (in the private sector) of bonuses is less than that of men. This gap is particularly strong among associate professors and senior professors (28% in the public sector, 30% in the private sector) In particular, men have a greater tendency to work part-time. workers who receive, on average across all agencies combined, between 33% (in the private sector) and 41% (in the public sector) more overtime than women. They also perform more income-generating functions,” the social worker tells us. Bilan.

We can quantify this wage inequality. Thus, among school teachers, women receive on average 2,310 euros net per month, while men receive 2,543 euros. Among certified and PLP women earn 2632 euros and men 2811 euros. Among senior professors and associate professors, the difference is greater: 3465 euros and 3822 euros per month. These inequalities are found among managers. Among management personnel, women earn an average of 4,099 euros and men 4,340. Among inspectors, 4,274 euros and 4,402 euros.

gender culture

Even disciplines are gendered. The proportion of women is highly variable, even outside of vocational education, where the differences are greatest. Thus, we find only 38% of women among teachers of philosophy, 44% of mathematics and 43% of physics and chemistry. On the other hand, women make up 83% of foreign language teachers, 79% of literature teachers, 65% of NVT teachers and 69% of plastic arts teachers. Gender inequality is rooted in the very identity of teachers.

François Jarraud

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