Opening the fridge drawer and discovering that bundle of withered and lifeless leaves is a routine in many individuals’s lives – they go in superbly there on the buying day and find yourself forgotten in on a regular basis intoxication, they usually find yourself within the garbage bin.
The rise in meals costs in current months makes the scene much more painful – within the 12-month interval, the group’s inflation elevated from 10.12% in February to 13.72% in March. That’s, each wasted carrot counts, and quite a bit – the vegetable was excessive 31.47% in April, in response to the Nationwide Shopper Value Index (IPCA), one of many highest in meals.
Along with damaging your pocket, it is very important take into consideration meals waste – the newest examine revealed by the United Nations Setting Program (UNEP) factors out that a lot of the waste goes to households, that are accountable for throwing away 11% of the whole meals. produced on the planet.
That can assist you reduce these issues, style talked to specialists who train methods to keep away from waste, protect meals longer and on the identical time lower your expenses.
Group is all the pieces
Earlier than speaking about conservation, it is very important speak about planning. “We’re coping with perishable meals that, even when preserved correctly, shall be spoiled if not consumed. You will need to suppose earlier than going available on the market, make a listing, purchase the best portions and in in response to the time accessible for every particular person to prepare dinner. “, explains chef Estela Passoni, who runs the eponymous restaurant specializing in natural meals, in Pinheiros.
“When shopping for, it’s also necessary to keep in mind the shelf life of every meals, some last more and others much less. Spend money on totally different teams, similar to a packet of salad and a bunch of cabbage, which lasts longer., And devour them with it at the back of my head », teaches Camila Yazbek, chef and trainer on the Wilma Kövesi College, the place she teaches the course Pocket informationappropriate for individuals who have little time within the kitchen however wish to enhance their food regimen and manage every day buying.
One other tip from the chef when buying is to concentrate maturation level of fruits and when to eat them. Are you going to eat first on the finish of the week? For instance, put money into a greener papaya.
Utilization planning can be the primary lesson given by Andrea Guerra. “You’ve seen that you’ll not use that meals within the subsequent few days, it’s higher to freeze it earlier than you get previous, don’t wait till it will get previous. That approach you freeze the freshness too”, teaches the professor physician of vitamin at Mackenzie Presbyterian College.
Freezing is undoubtedly one of many nice allies to keep away from waste. But it surely requires some tips and a sure method – right here yow will discover a whole handbook on frozen meals, with tips that can make your on a regular basis life within the kitchen simpler and keep away from waste.
Information is energy
The place within the fridge the place you retailer every of the meals additionally makes all of the distinction in the case of preservation. It’s because the temperature inside it varies, the chilly will be good for a comfortable cheese, however in extra it might burn your arugula.
Most fridge fashions have the air outlet on the highest shelf, ie it’s the coldest half, whereas within the backside, the place the drawers are usually situated, the temperature is milder. However it’s value resorting to the directions to be used to make sure, this varies in response to the mannequin. The door is at all times the most well liked a part of the fridge – no perishable gadgets there – and must be reserved for spices.
Find out how to retailer every kind of meals
The skinny-skinned and extra delicate fruits, similar to strawberries, peaches, figs and kiwis, ought to at all times go straight within the fridge, within the medium-cold part, in closed containers, ideally separate, shielded from direct chilly, which may trigger dehydration, tissue harm and acceleration. the method of degradation.
Different fruits lose their properties when cooled, similar to bananas, which have a black pores and skin within the fridge. “Whether it is near spoilage, it’s ideally suited to freeze the fruit with out peel, in a closed container; nice for making nutritional vitamins,” explains Estela. The identical trick works with strawberries and different fruits from the berry household, similar to blackberries, and even mango and guava, that are already peeled.
Some fruits, similar to bananas, apples and papaya, emit ethylene fuel, which is accountable for the ripening of the fruit. It might be okay if you wish to pace up the ripening of one other fruit, simply go away them aspect by aspect within the fruit platter. But when not, hold them away from one another or within the fridge in separate containers.
Let the avocado stand at room temperature. It is a meals that goes over in a short time. To delay the method, go away the avocado at room temperature till you see the primary indicators of ripening. Solely then is it saved within the fridge.
greens and greens
Write it down: the nice enemy of greens is moisture. The extra water, the quicker lettuce, arugula or parsley are destroyed. The best for on a regular basis use is to scrub them at hand for consumption (and thus keep away from waste), properly dried and saved in tightly closed containers – to guard towards direct chilly – within the warmest a part of your own home. with absorbent paper – take a look at the tips within the video beneath.
However, “if you’re not going to dry it very properly, you shouldn’t wash it. Want to wash it little by little, simply on the time of consumption”, warns Camila. Moisture is the proper setting for micro organism to multiply. “The absence of water within the plant’s metabolism slows down the motion of the brokers and delays the getting old course of,” explains Andrea.
Relating to greens, it’s ideally suited for planning to freeze them. One of the best ways to do that with out shedding taste and vitamins is to blanch them first, that’s, a slight scare in scorching water (see video beneath). It goes for carrots, potatoes, squash, cauliflower, cassava, even spinach … Nearly all the pieces, besides cassava, which is finest frozen uncooked, already peeled and straight from the freezer to the pan.
A trick utilized by the three specialists is open freezing, which is nothing greater than blanching the greens which have already been portioned, then taking them to the freezer unfold on a baking tray and, after they’re frozen, placing them in baggage to return to the freezer. (for as much as eight months). “Along with freezing quicker, they’re unfastened so that you can use little by little, in numerous combos,” Andrea explains.
If you don’t select to freeze, keep in mind to retailer greens within the least chilly a part of the fridge, particularly these which are extra delicate to very chilly temperatures (similar to eggplant, carrots and cucumbers). When you lower them, at all times pack them or put them in a closed container, in any other case they’ll dry out and spoil quicker.
However not all greens have to be saved within the fridge. Potatoes, for instance, keep very properly in ventilated areas and particularly away from gentle, which is accountable for the manufacturing of solanine, a poisonous product, which provides the greenish colour of previous potatoes, however quite common. When that is the case, it’s not really useful to devour it. One other curiosity with the potato, when saved within the fridge, turns the starch into sugar and causes the style, colour and texture to alter.
Onions and garlic also can go straight into the fruit bowl, however the ideally suited is to retailer them individually, as a result of smells and in locations away from gentle. The tomato also needs to be saved exterior, ideally in an upside-down container, it ought to solely be saved within the fridge when it is extremely ripe or on highly regarded days, inside a really dry and closed bag, to stop the pores and skin from burning within the chilly.
Along with freezing, one other method to prolong the lifetime of sure meals whereas having new elements accessible to extend every day recipes is to make pickles, that are nothing greater than preserving meals in brine or vinegar. The essential formulation can be utilized on onions, potatoes, radishes, cucumbers and carrots.
Within the case of dairy merchandise offered within the markets, similar to yoghurt, UHT milk and industrialized cheeses, it’s essential to observe the directions for the preservation and validity of the packaging. Ideally, go away them on the high of the fridge, the place the temperature is lowest (once more, examine the producer’s directions), however by no means go away them on the fridge door. The place suffers from a extra frequent temperature variation on account of opening and shutting, and this may pace up the deterioration course of.
As soon as opened, the cheeses must be saved individually in closed containers, shielded from direct chilly, in order that they don’t dry out – to not put a number of kinds of totally different cheeses in the identical pot, this may speed up the method of bacterial proliferation.
Do you’ve got a bunch of various cheese leftovers? Grate and freeze in particular person baggage. This fashion you should have elements available to enrich a recipe, similar to a sauce, a gratin or a cream.
As with dairy, by no means retailer eggs within the fridge door, along with the extensive temperature vary, which may speed up the deterioration, the motion of opening and shutting can contribute to breakage.
One other widespread mistake is to scrub eggs after we take them out of the field after we come from the market. “The eggshell may be very porous and simply absorbs impurities. If the shell may be very soiled, as in natural eggs, let it solely be washed once you use the egg,” explains chef Estela Passoni. Due to this fact, I additionally hold them away from meals which have a robust odor.
Whereas the nice villain of greens is water, in the case of bread, the primary enemy is oxygen. Due to this fact, it is extremely necessary to retailer the breads in tightly sealed baggage. Relating to industrial bread, simply retailer them within the plastic bag they got here in and observe the expiration date indicated on the bundle. Though the fridge prolongs the lifetime of the bread, by stopping the expansion of mould, low temperatures trigger it to dry out shortly, and lose texture and taste. French baked bread has a shorter shelf life, if you’re not going to eat it in the course of the day, freeze it in a tightly closed bag.
Alternatively, levain bread, constituted of pure yeast offered in artisan bakeries, lasts longer than common bread – and the extra complete grains, with extra grain, the longer it lasts. However the rule is similar: don’t go away the bread unpackaged, open air or within the fridge, in any other case it is going to dry out and harden – one thing it is going to ultimately, however some lifehacks will assist reserve it.
In case you are not going to eat the entire loaf without delay, the very best tip is to chop it into slices, put it in a plastic bag and retailer it within the freezer – once more, take note of the air, the much less oxygen is contained in the bag. , the higher it is going to preserve its properties, even frozen. Then take away the slices when consuming and simply warmth within the toaster or within the highly regarded oven (preheat the oven for about 5 minutes earlier than inserting the bread). And by no means put the bread within the microwave – it is going to wither and haven’t any salvation.
In case your sourdough bread begins to dry out, the trick is to dip your hand in water and run it over the floor of the bread. Solely barely. After which take it into the oven highly regarded for a couple of minutes, about 5 minutes. Now, if the bread is already fairly exhausting and you haven’t frozen it, you could hydrate it extra critically. Open the faucet and shortly put the bread in operating water for a second, with out letting it soak. And then you definately put it within the scorching oven.