There is now little doubt that education will be one of the focal points of Emmanuel Macron’s (short) campaign for a new five-year term. During his first candidate trip to Poissy (Yvelines) this Monday, March 7, the head of state listed several directions for the school: the reform of the vocational school, mathematics in the general core in high school, “pedagogical freedom” …
Not enough to reassure the unions of public education, which see in the proposals of the Head of State a continuation of the reforms begun during his first five-year plan. And they are waiting to learn more about the thorny issue of institution autonomy.
Focus on the basics
In accordance with his minister of public education and his credo” read, write, count, respect others “Emmanuel Macron insisted on the spot” fundamental knowledge “in school. But proposing an adjustment to the flagship reform of the five-year term.” We need to strengthen our mathematical teachings […]return them to the common core and to the bachelor’s degree, all specialties combined muttered the candidate, echoing the argument that had flared up on the Rue Grenelle about the place of mathematics in the secondary school. An offer that Jean-Michel Blanquer has already announced in recent weeks.
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” Sounds like a confession of failure analysis by Sophie Venetite of Snes-Fsu. This is another “at the same time” symbol: we remove mathematics from the common core, and then return it back. » « Everything is going in the right direction, but we would like to see how this can materialize. ‘ emphasizes this teacher, who vehemently opposes school reform in general.
” This sudden retreat is very similar to a form of demagogy related to the timing of the elections. For her part, she considers Laurent Zamechkowski, Vice-President of PEEP, the Federation of Parents of Pupils. It happens like hair in soup. It might be the right solution, but it lacks in hindsight. This seems premature to me, even though we were told not too long ago that we were no longer able to recruit enough math teachers and that we wanted to put an end to math selection. “In the presidential candidate team, it is proposed that it be about strengthening mathematics in the science education of the common core, and not about recreating the subject in its own right for all first and last year students.
Code and EPS
But it’s not just math and spelling that the president cares about. To cope with digital transformation, the Head of State wants to develop the teaching of code with a fifth. He wants to work too small silent revolution “generalizing” from the beginning of the 2022 academic year » half an hour of daily sports in the morning for primary school students. ” Thirty minutes of sports every day at school for our children aged 6 to 12 means acquiring a sports habit, Launched by Emmanuel Macron. This is a fight against a sedentary lifestyle, this is the upbringing of children and adolescents who will be instilled with this attitude to sports, a taste for sports, for playing sports. »
“ Beware of ad effects! Sophie Venetite answers. We have the impression that Emmanuel Macron discovers that it is possible to play sports in the first degree when the teachers have been doing sports there for years. » « Instead of announcements, we need to think about the place of physical education and sports (FS) and what we are doing with it. ‘, Frédéric Marchand, Secretary General of UNSA Education abounds.
“The Great Vocational School Reform”
Often overlooked during presidential campaigns, Emmanuel Macron has also pushed for vocational education. Last October, Jean-Michel Blanquer himself drew attention to the subject again, two years after reforming his vocational high school. The head of state clearly wants to go further. “ We need the massive vocational high school reform we need with partnerships with companies he assured. In professional universities there should be streams that meet the needs. Too many sectors where there are no outlets. Business should get more [dans les lycées professionnels]. “And for the President, we must act even before school, saving” time with high school students from 5th year onwards, half a day a week bringing companies to college to help guide and explain the jobs of tomorrow so learning fits needs “.
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The proposals made by Pascal Vivier, general secretary of SNETAA-FO, the first vocational education union, are bouncing. ” We agree: we must achieve real reform of vocational education and colleges. yields to the trade unionist. But the fact that companies ride in college half a day a week is complete madness. This is not knowing the reality of children. These are children from 11 to 14 years old. They need to be “educated”; teaching is a profession, improvisation is impossible! »
Instead, the union leader proposes to educate all high school students in microeconomics and manufacturing awareness.” whatever it is: kitchen, wood, etc. As for the vocational school, he recalls that there are already 22 weeks of internships in companies. And concludes: it is a mistake to think that business atones for school failures. She can be an “assistant”, an “axis” (attending a company, conferences, presentations, etc.), but certainly not in what she cannot do: teach. Otherwise, it’s not even a bandage on a wooden leg, but an infected bandage on a sick body.. »
The President, who had just been announced as a candidate, of course, took the opportunity to repeat his mantra on ” freedom teachers, paving the way between the lines to strengthen the autonomy of the schools. It’s necessary ” divide the school, giving teachers more resources, more rewards and more pedagogical freedom “Defended Emmanuel Macron.
” It’s not a surprise says Sophie Venetite. Already in 2017, in several speeches, he raised the issue of freedom and autonomy. This is one of his directions. It remains to be seen what this actually means. We know that he pays a lot of attention to strengthening the prerogatives of the head of the institution, in particular with regard to recruitment. For us, this is a red line that will create inequality between territories.. After the experiments announced in Marseilles in September, the head of state mentioned in Parisian in January “ the freedom that may be given to certain schools to build their own educational project according to their territory “.
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” We do not reject the idea that there is some form of autonomy.in advance, for its part, Frederic Marchand of UNSA. But Emmanuel Macron’s remarks about teachers are troubling. If we were talking about promoting local recruitment or even changing the status of teachers, we would start with unacceptable things. Details will be needed. » « We are not against hiring local teachers Laurent Zamechkowski, for his part, defends. In primary education, we would like the headmaster with whom we communicate to make more decisions and be less trapped between the inspectorate and the municipality. But we must be careful to keep the public school. »
On the side of the heads of the establishment, we are divided. And above all, be careful. “ I don’t know where Emmanuel Macron came from, autonomy is a wallet analyzes Bruno Bobkiewicz, chief and general secretary of SNPDEN-UNSA. There are two autonomies: the autonomy of the head of the institution with the recruitment logic, the award for merit, etc. which we do not trust. And there is the logic of institutional autonomy, which we have been advocating for a long time, which leaves operational choices, for example, in the allocation of hours in secondary school reform. But for this you need the means, because the choice between nothing and nothing is not autonomy. “Almost a month before the presidential election, Emmanuel Macron has to get out of the fog very quickly.